Life Style

Study reveals baby and adult brains 'sync up' during play

ANI | January 12, 2020 05:54 PM
Study found babies' brains were synchronized with the adult's brain in several areas known to be involved in high-level understanding of the world.

Washington D.C. [USA], Jan 12 (ANI): Researchers have conducted the first study of how baby and adult brains interact during natural play, and they found measurable similarities in their neural activity. The study suggests that you might be 'on the same wavelength,' experiencing similar brain activity in the same brain regions while playing with children.

Scientists have found measurable similarities in their neural activity. In other words, baby and adult brain activity rose and fell together as they shared toys and eye contact. The research was conducted at the Princeton Baby Lab, where University researchers study how babies learn to see, talk and understand the world. The study was published in the journal Psychological Science.

"Previous research has shown that adults' brains sync up when they watch movies and listen to stories, but little is known about how this 'neural synchrony' develops in the first years of life," said Elise Piazza, an associate research scholar in the Princeton Neuroscience Institute (PNI) and the first author

Piazza and her co-authors -- Liat Hasenfratz, an associate research scholar in PNI; Uri Hasson, a professor of psychology and neuroscience; and Casey Lew-Williams, an associate professor of psychology -- posited that neural synchrony has important implications for social development and language learning.

Studying real-life, face-to-face communication between babies and adults is quite difficult. Most past studies of neural coupling, many of which were conducted in Hasson's lab, involved scanning adults' brains with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), in separate sessions, while the adults lay down and watched movies or listened to stories.

But to study real-time communication, the researchers needed to create a child-friendly method of recording brain activity simultaneously from baby and adult brains. Researchers developed a new dual-brain neuroimaging system that uses functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), which is highly safe and records oxygenation in the blood as a proxy for neural activity. The setup allowed the researchers to record the neural coordination between babies and an adult while they played with toys, sang songs and read a book.

The same adult interacted with all 42 infants and toddlers who participated in the study. Of those, 21 had to be excluded because they "squirmed excessively," and three others flat-out refused to wear the cap, leaving 18 children, ranging in age from 9 months to 15 months.

The caps collected data from 57 channels of the brain known to be involved in prediction, language processing, and understanding other people's perspectives.

When they looked at the data, the researchers found that during the face-to-face sessions, the babies' brains were synchronized with the adult's brain in several areas known to be involved in high-level understanding of the world -- perhaps helping the children decode the overall meaning of a story or analyze the motives of the adult reading to them.

When the adult and infant were turned away from each other and engaging with other people, the coupling between them disappeared.

That fit with researchers' expectations, but the data also had surprises in store. For example, the strongest coupling occurred in the prefrontal cortex, which is involved in learning, planning, and executive functioning and was previously thought to be quite underdeveloped during infancy.

"We were also surprised to find that the infant's brain was often 'leading' the adult brain by a few seconds, suggesting that babies do not just passively receive input but may guide adults toward the next thing they're going to focus on: which toy to pick up, which words to say," said Lew-Williams, who is a co-director of the Princeton Baby Lab.

This two-brain approach to neuroscience could open doors to understanding how coupling with caregivers breaks down in atypical development -- such as in children diagnosed with autism -- as well as how educators can optimize their teaching approaches to accommodate children's diverse brains. (ANI)

Have something to say? Post your comment
Must Read
Chidambaram commends Punjab Assembly for taking up resolution against CAA today
Chidambaram commends Punjab Assembly for taking up resolution against CAA today
DC inaugurates six ‘she boxes’ in city for prompt redressal of complaints regarding crime against women
DC inaugurates six ‘she boxes’ in city for prompt redressal of complaints regarding crime against women
ADC (D) launches booklet on completion of 50 years of soil & water conservation department
ADC (D) launches booklet on completion of 50 years of soil & water conservation department
Cabinet Ministers Tript Bajwa and Balbir Sidhu announces grant of Rs 5 lac & 2 lac respectively to Shaheed Udham Singh Memorial Bhawan Society
Cabinet Ministers Tript Bajwa and Balbir Sidhu announces grant of Rs 5 lac & 2 lac respectively to Shaheed Udham Singh Memorial Bhawan Society
Awareness leads to change in mindset towards girl child: Balbir Singh Sidhu
Awareness leads to change in mindset towards girl child: Balbir Singh Sidhu
Balbir Sidhu advocates fixing of medicines' prices on salt not brand
Balbir Sidhu advocates fixing of medicines' prices on salt not brand
Capt Amarinder reiterates demand for VGF from centre for Biomass Power & Solar Hybrid Power Projects
Capt Amarinder reiterates demand for VGF from centre for Biomass Power & Solar Hybrid Power Projects
Punjab govt under Capt Amarinder Singh goes in for sweeping legal reforms to deal with crime against women & children
Punjab govt under Capt Amarinder Singh goes in for sweeping legal reforms to deal with crime against women & children
Capt Amarinder led Punjab cabinet okays enactment of water resources management ordinance
Capt Amarinder led Punjab cabinet okays enactment of water resources management ordinance
District SAS Nagar police sensitized students and teachers about traffic rules and ill-effects of drugs & pollution
District SAS Nagar police sensitized students and teachers about traffic rules and ill-effects of drugs & pollution
Delhi assembly elections on Feb 8, Model Code of Conduct comes into force
Delhi assembly elections on Feb 8, Model Code of Conduct comes into force
Wishes pour in for Kapil Dev as cricketer turns 61
Wishes pour in for Kapil Dev as cricketer turns 61